حلت ساعة النهاية وأنهيت سنوات الدراسة, حديث التخرج أنت وقد أديت فروضك الثلاثة: حضور, واجبات, الخوض في كتب الدراسة
أهلا بك في القاع! لا مجد لك بعد ولا سيرة. هنا تخطي خطواتك الأولى وقت تخلت عنك حبال الأمان الأكاديمي وتلقفتك معاناة الحيارى. أكمل الدراسة؟ أبحث عن وظيفة؟ أم أتلمس خيوط التجارة؟
دراسة؟! وهل فعلا أستطيع الدراسة؟ قبول جامعات, رفع طلبات, زيارة ملحقيات, والإنتقال من غربة الى أغرب ومن جديد أكرر فروضي الثلاثة؟ مزيدا من الواجبات والمزيد من كتب الدراسة؟ ولكن فعلا.. هو الطريق الذي تمرست على فنونه وألفت عشرته منذ البداية
وظيفة؟! عودة الى الوطن وبحث عن سكن وبداية العمل في البحث عن عمل, حدثني عن نفسك؟ ما هي مهاراتك؟ شكرا لك وسنتواصل معك. راتبك قد لا يكفي حاجتك ولكنها البداية فأقبل بالـ”أوفر” وماذا بعد؟ تعيش في شقة مستأجرة؟ وتقسط مبلغ المركبة؟ تتذوق اللحم من حين الى حين؟ وتزور المطاعم الفخمة مرة وتشتري الملابس الجديدة كل فترة؟ حياة إعتيادية؟ لا جديد فيها ولا مزيد؟ وظيفة تعني الأنتقال من الأمان الأكاديمي الى الأمان الوظيفي وإستكمال لمشوار النجاة بدون مواجهة المجهول وما تحتويه الحياة من شراسة
تجارة؟! عودة الى الوطن وبحث عن سكن وبداية العمل في البحث عن مستثمرين, حدثني عن مشروعك؟ ما هي مهاراتك؟ كم رأس مالك؟ شكرا لك وسنتواصل معك. رأس المال المقترح قد لا يكفي حاجة مشروعك ولكنها البداية فأقبل بالـ”أوفر” وماذا بعد؟ العمل ثم العمل ثم العمل, قد ينجح مشروعك وقد يفشل مجهودك وتبدا من جديد من نقطة الصفر؟ حياة مختلفة, كل ما فيها جديد وكل ما يشغلك كسب المزيد ثم المزيد, هي الأكثر خطورة! وقد لا تنتهي إلا من حيث بدأت, أو قد تصل الى ما لم يصل إليه من حولك بعد, فهل لديك الحكمة وقوة الفراسة؟
أهلا بك في القاع, في معمعة الحياة العملية والحيرة المستمرة, أنظر من حولك جيدا, كثيرا منهم في القاع مثلك ولا يعلمون, البعض الأخر يقبع في القمة ويتباهون, وأخرون ضائعون لا يعلمون ماذا يريدون
أنت في القاع الأن فأنظر من حولك جيدا, تمعن هذه الوجوه التي رافقتك وما زالت الى الأن. تمعن في تلك الوجوه التي تجاهلتك وأحبطة من همتك, تلك الوجوه التي لم تعرف حجمك. تجاهلوك وهم في القاع مثلك فالأحرى بك أن تتجاهلهم وأنت في القمة, وأخرون تجاهلوك وهم في القمة, أكتب أسمائهم في قائمة خاصة حتى تكتشف تلونهم عندما تصل أنت الى رأس تلك القمة
أنت في القاع الأن لا مجد لك ولا سيرة بعد, هي فرصة ذهبية! هذه الوجوه من حولك الأن تحبك لشخصك, لا لمال تكسبه ولا لمنصب يريدونك أن تستغله, لا يعرفون شيء عنك سوى ما تعرفه عن نفسك, أكتب اسمائهم في قائمة خاصة, هؤلاء من لا تستوحش مجلسهم عندما تصل الى القمة, هؤلاء تعرف جيدا ما يحملونه في قلوبهم لك
أنت الأن في القاع, أختر طريقاَ وأستمر فيه بقوة, أعمل خططك المستقبلية وأدعمها بخطط جانبية, إن لم تكن مستعدا بعد لهذه اللحظه فلا تحزن, لا زال هناك شوط إضافي ضائع يجب أن تستغله, رتب أوراقك من جديد وصفي أفكارك, هناك خيار يجب أن تختاره, أستخيربعد تصميم خطة إستراتجية وتوجه اليها بقلب قوي
إبتسم, أنت في القاع الأن وسنراك قريبا في القمة
It’s complicated to determine when the world war two started exactly depending on where you reading and from which perspective the historian is writing from. Some would argue that it started in September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. Others would argue that it started in 1933 when Hitler took over the power in Germany. Another argument would be that it started in 1937 when the Japanese invaded China because the war between those two parties ended in 1945. The last argument which I personally lean more into is that the world war two actually started in 1931 when Japan Invaded Manchuria since from there everything evolved and leaded to the world war two.
There was a global involvement in the world war two which is the reason why the war was granted the name “world war two” and those countries are divided into different categories, there was two categories that were pro-invading and starting the war, The First category is “The Axis Powers” which are the countries who signed the Tripartite Treaty, and they are: Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Second category is “The Co-signers of the Tripartite Treaty” and they are: Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia.
On the other side of the war, there were three different categories, the first category was “Countries that were annexed by, or at war with, Axis Powers before the World War II”, which are: China, Australia, Ethiopia. The second category was the “Allied Powers” which are the following countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, United States. The third category is “Supporters of the Allies” which include the following: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt(2), El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Mexico, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela.
The progress of the war was shifting between both sides, that progress was translated in occupying or attacking countries who are In most cases were the battle field of war world two. And that increased the number of countries which were involved in that massive war, First Germany attacked and occupied the following countries: Albania, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Lativa, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Yougoslavia. Secondly Italy occupied and attacked the following countries: Albania, Greece. And thirdly, the Soviet Union attacked: Estonia, Finland Lativa, Lithuania, Poland. Fourthly, the United State of America occupied Denmark, Tunisia and Iceland.
The fighting between Japan and China was brutal, brutal enough to actually effect the relationship between those two countries up until today, but the world war two that we are all know more about is the one in the European sector of the world, where Hitler took power and started giving the revolutionary promises to germens to return the homeland to its former glory, in the beginning it was introduced as a new style of combat using technology and air force to protect the troops on land, which was a very effective method back then and The Nazis were able to roll over Poland, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and then all of France. Until they were in control of most of central Europe, where they began to set the great Britain as a goal. Meanwhile, Europeans were also fighting each other in North Africa. In 1941 the Nazis invaded Russia breaking a non-aggression pact that the two powers had signed in 1939, in the same year of 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor which helped in creating alliance between great powers and eventually leaded to the end of war world two with massive destruction and high rate of death between all sides involved.
Source: BBC, TEAM. "World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events." 30 3 2011: n. page. Web. 30 Aug. 2013 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/ww2_summary_01.shtml>. History, Channel. "US ENTRY & ALLIANCE." 23 3 2010: n. page. Web. 30 Aug. 2013. <http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/us-entry-and-alliance.html>.
My review about MAUS the Novel, for more information about the Novel click here
Graphics are considered to be a very effective way to communicate information to others, it adds a third dimension to the story and may cover a missing sense that the reader could understand differently. While it provide such positive outcome, one of its negative outcomes that it may limit the reader’s imaginations. Imagination is part of the experience and a very important factor in writing a story or a novel. Many readers consider their main source of enjoyment in reading is that it dependent entirely on the opportunity to exceed the written words with your imagination.
MAUS is a graphical novel written and published with huge dependent toward the graphic content of the story. The Author described the Holocaust from the victim point of view and used the graphics and symbols to represent the other involving sides along the way. The Jews were represented as mice, the Germens as cats, and the Polish as pigs. Such representation has its own amplifications that the writer wish the reader to get, in fact he does not want to open up the door for reader to use their unlimited imagination while reading, what he wanted “in mu humble opinion” is that you become indirectly supportive to the cause he is writing about and grant the victims your absolute sympathy. A mouse is a friendly creature that look innocent and is not going to hurt anyone, while cats are in nature a creature that lives to hunt a mouse and consider Mice as a meal. While you go on reading the novel you will find those cats and pigs have this aggressive facial expressions like showing their teeth! another way to systematize those who love cats to view this particular kind of cats in the context of the story as evil.
You may also notice in those graphics that the mice is the only social group which you as a human being can relate to! you may consider yourself a mice while going through the novel since they appear like human in terms of clothing, and other daily habits such as driving cars, laughter and smile. So you end up putting yourself in their shoes systematically and consider whatever happens in the story as if it happened to you personally, which may lead you to feel angry against Polish and Germans in the story context and sympathize with Jews.
If we compare this to a written only novel, where the writer tries to tell the story and describe the situation, you may feel those painful moments as less painful than what Spiegelman wanted us to feel. We may also put ourselves in the shoes of a German or a Polish instead of a Jew, while Spiegelman does not wish the reader to use his/her imagination in that extent, he try to focus our attention to invest all the imagination we may need to feel the misery of what the Jews been through in the Holocaust and feel every detail of the experience in their point of view.
The writer is clearly aware of the fact that he risks the enjoyment of imagination by giving readers a smaller driven channels of imagination that servers the message he try to convey. He is willing to do so in order for him to control the reader emotions and direct it against Germans and Polish. It’s clear that the message he tried to convey using this method is: readers should end up loving the Jews who were victimized in the Holocaust. Such risk in my opinion is well calculated and in order for the writer to provide the reader with another source of enjoyment, he worked harder on providing another source of enjoyment which is graphics. Mixed with a suitable script that can be understood by different age groups. It can be considered as a classical novel for elders and a comic story for children.
In most causes a writer should be bias. While this novel is clearly not, in fact it is written with the set of mind of favoritism toward the Jewish people. Yet this is an exception of the rule since those who were victimized should be supported in different ways. This is one of doing so, It was a successful method to transform the pain that the Jewish were feeling in those events to the rest of the world, even those who were not involved in the cause would still give the Jewish people the sympathy they deserve.
As a reader who is originally from the Middle East and have mixed feeling toward Israel and the everlasting conflict in the Middle East between the Muslim countries and Israel. I felt challenged with the story and I felt the indirect way the author was using to try to convince me with his message, in the beginning I did not like it and in the back of my mind all I remember is pictures of Palestinians who suffer the same thing currently from Israel. I felt that if this story is not bias then am not supposed to read it in a bias attitude, but for a second I voluntarily gave up and provided a chance to listen. I ended up distinguishing heavily between those who are Jewish and those who support a Jewish Government. As a Muslim that I belong to a Muslim country, there is a huge difference between Muslims and their governments, and the message that Spiegelman was trying to convey is noble, he is trying to show the world how people may suffer for no reason. He is not defending Israelis acts, in fact he is against all inhuman acts no matter what race or group of people are practicing it
In general, I can relate to this as an indirect marketing methodology in the business world, where you explain everything that is in favor to the product you wish to promote without saying it clearly. It leads you to one result which is a positive result toward one thing against another. This novel is an example of the indirect type of marketing that is tough in Business majors. And I believe that this novel was written while the indirect marketing strategy was on mind and been put on practice to serve the author.
I end up with this video that I've made in 2009 about the similarities between the Holocaust, and today's Palestinians misery: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=383886862464&l=5736796046421693277